What is Abuse and Neglect? How do I spot the signs?
Abuse can happen anywhere, may be committed by anyone and can take many forms.
Abuse is described as a violation of an individual’s human and civil rights by any other person or persons which results in significant harm. Abuse may consist of a single act or repeated acts. Abuse can occur in any relationship and may result in significant harm to, or exploitation of, the person subjected to it.
Types of Abuse and Neglect
Below are some examples of what amounts to abuse and some information that aims to help people who come into contact with people with care and support needs to identify abuse and recognise possible indicators. Signs of abuse can often be difficult to detect.
Physical Abuse includes hitting, kicking, misuse of medication, inappropriate sanctions or unlawful or inappropriate restraint. Possible indicators of physical abuse include:
Domestic Abuse is an incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse by someone who is or has been an intimate partner or family member regardless of sexuality. Possible indicators of domestic abuse include:
Sexual Abuse includes rape and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the adult at risk has not consented or could not consent or was pressured into consenting. Possible indicators of sexual abuse include:
Psychological Abuse includes threats of harm or abandonment, humiliation, blaming, controlling, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse. Possible indicators of psychological abuse include:
Financial and Material Abuse includes theft, fraud, exploitation, pressure in connection with financial matters, or the misuse of someone else's finances. Possible indicators of financial or material abuse include:
Modern Slavery includes human trafficking, forced labour and domestic servitude. Possible indicators of modern slavery include:
Neglect and Acts of Omission include ignoring medical or physical care needs, and the withholding of necessities, such as medication and adequate nutrition. Possible indicators of neglect and acts of omission include:
Discriminatory Abuse includes abuse, such a harassment, slurs or hate crime based on a person's race, sex, disability, faith, sexual orientation or age. Possible indicators of discriminatory abuse include:
Organisational Abuse is where any of these forms of abuse above are caused by the way an organisation practices. Possible indicators of organisational abuse includes:
Self-Neglect includes situations where a person is declining support with their care needs, hygiene, health or their environment, and this is having a significant impact on their overall wellbeing. Possible indicators of self-neglect include: